BiGCaT Science Cafe
|11 Jan||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Alexander Koch||The human cancer DNA methylation marker atlas||Abstract|
|25 Jan||UM Symposium ‘The Future of a Data-Driven Society’||Link|
|08 Feb||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Egon Willighagen||NanoCommons: continued interoperability of nanosafety data||Abstract|
|22 Feb||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Friederike Ehrhart||MolData2 implementation study||Abstract|
|08 Mar||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Elisa Cirillo||cancelled due to illness!|
|22 Mar||12:00-13:00||UNS60/Co-greep||BiGCaT Science Cafe meets IDS Research in Progress||Abstract|
|05 Apr||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Susan Steinbusch-Coort|
|19 Apr||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Denise Slenter|
|03 May||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Marvin Martens|
|17 May||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Mirella Kalafati|
|31 May||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Lars Eijssen|
|14 Jun||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Ryan Miller|
|28 Jun||16:00-17:00||UNS50/4.140a||Nasim Sangani|
22 March 2018 – BiGCaT Science Cafe meets IDS Research in Progress (Martina Summer-Kutmon and Amrapali Zaveri)
Title: WikiPathways – using crowdsourcing to enrich biological pathway models
WikiPathways is a community curated pathway database that enables researchers to capture rich, intuitive models of biological pathways. Building on the same MediaWiki software that powers Wikipedia, WikiPathways provides a framework that facilitates broad participation by the entire community, ranging from students to senior experts in each field. The database and the associated tools are developed as open source projects with a lot of community engagement.
In this talk, I will introduce WikiPathways and highlight the latest developments and ongoing projects. Together with researchers from IDS, we are investigating different project ideas regarding the use of crowdsourcing to extend and enrich our biological pathway collection, and I will present two concrete ideas regarding ontology annotations and image processing.
Crowdsourcing involves breaking down a large task into smaller – micro – tasks called HITs (Human Intelligent Tasks), submitting them to a crowdsourcing platform (e.g. Amazon Mechanical Turk, CrowdFlower etc.) and providing a monetary reward for each HIT.
The tasks primarily rely on basic human abilities and natural language understanding but less on acquired skills such as domain knowledge.
Crowdsourcing has been successfully utilized in biomedical research such as to annotate and extract gene expression signatures from GEO, to improve automated mining of biomedical text for annotating diseases, curation of gene-mutation relations, identifying relationships between drugs and side-effects, drugs and their indications, as well as annotation of microRNA functions.
In this session, we will discuss the features, challenges and possible applications of crowdsourcing for current problems such as enriching biological pathways in WikiPathways and assessing quality of biomedical metadata.
22 February 2018 – Friederike Ehrhart
Title: The MolData2 implementation study
To establish the functional consequences of putative or known genetic variants associated with disease, it is imperative to search worldwide resources and data for evidence that is already available. In the rare disease field, the challenges of doing this are pronounced as the data is often fragmented as a result of the fact that disease cohorts are small and managed by specialized researchers/physicians. The aim of this study was to map out the requirements for making sources more usable, and the current ways to fulfill these. This work has a focus on interoperability as well as enabling federated queries, thus strengthening the F and I aspects of FAIR. The overall aim is to accelerate the functional interpretation of genetic variants. This project is in line with ELIXIRs general data linkage plan, a coordinated action in the rare disease domain between BBMRI, ELIXIR and RD-Connect. The full description of this implementation study can be found here.
8 February 2018 – Egon Willighagen
Title: NanoCommons: continued interoperability of nanosafety data
The European Nanotechnology Community Informatics Platform: Bridging data and disciplinary gaps for industry and regulators (NanoCommons) four year project started in January funded under the H2020 programme (project ID: 731032). It aims to connect the nanotechnology and nanosafety communities, which are now disparate and unconnected. Consequently, the knowledge and data remain fragmented and inaccessible, such that from a data integrating and mining perspective it is clearly a “starting community”. NanoCommons will facilitate pooling and harmonising of methods and data for modelling, safe-by-design product development and regulatory approval purposes. Partners are mostly located in Europe, but also include an American partner.
Maastricht University’s involvement (close to 300 kEuro) focusses on FAIR-ness and interoperability of data more specifically. A large component is the continued development of the eNanoMapper ontology, to further improve interoperability. Smaller tasks around data quality, service discovery, and research data management plans will reflect the modern FAIR requirements. A second component focuses on read across and bioactivity prediction, where the kick-off meeting already hinted at an important role for adverse outcome pathways. As a knowledge infrastructure project, community engagement has significant attention, and UM will organize one annual conference (third year) and act as host to partners to visit our group (Department of Bioinformatics – BiGCaT) to learn about ontologies.
11 January 2018 – Alexander Koch
Title: The human cancer DNA methylation marker atlas
For decades, scientists have been searching for cancer biomarkers to improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This resource-intensive endeavor has resulted in thousands of biomarker publications, but translation of these markers into clinical practice hardly takes place. Estimations by Poste (2011) and Kern (2012) put the number of published markers that are used in the clinic below one percent.
If we are to cross this so-called biomedical “valley of death” for DNA methylation markers, we have to find a way to increase the scientific quality and reproducibility of biomarker research, reduce the number of markers lost in translation, and accelerate the development of clinically useful markers.
We have devised a strategy to tackle these issues and improve the reliability, efficiency and translation of cancer DNA methylation markers, while at the same time promoting data sharing. At the heart of this strategy is the construction of a database of all published markers. This unique database would provide researchers with a valuable resource where they can find and evaluate existing markers.
In my presentation for the BiGCaT Science Cafe, I will focus on the technical implementation of this marker database, including some the hurdles I have encountered and things I have learned along the way.